Canine cystitis is a condition that occurs when the lining of your dog’s bladder becomes inflamed. It is a very common condition which is usually caused by a bacterial infection. This infection commonly enters the urethra, and females are more susceptible since their urethra is shorter than their male counterparts.
Stones or crystals present in the urine can also lead to cystitis in dogs since they can irritate the lining of the bladder. There are also various other causes of the condition. They include pelvic injuries, fungus, and tumors.
Cystitis causes signs similar to those caused by a lower urinary tract infection. Your dog will urinate more frequently than normal and may also strain to do so. Each time he urinates on only a small amount will pass. You may also notice that blood is mixed with his urine. Some dogs also develop a fever.
It is important for you to know that a urinary obstruction can cause some of the same symptoms as canine cystitis. This is a very serious condition. Therefore, you will need to get your dog to the vet as soon as possible if you notice any of these symptoms.
In order to diagnose this condition, the vet will need to feel your dog’s bladder. Inflammation can cause the walls of the bladder to thicken. Palpating the abdomen may also allow the vet to detect any stones that may be present. A urinalysis may also be performed.
It may also be necessary to complete a variety of other tests. They include ultrasound scans and x-rays. If a blood sample is taken, your dog will likely have a low number of white blood cells.
Since a bacterial infection is usually the underlying cause, canine cystitis needs to be treated using antibiotics. As mentioned earlier, stones or crystals in the urine can also cause this inflammation. These stones or crystals will need to be dissolved using a special diet. If this doesn’t work, your dog may need surgery.
It’s very important that you get your dog treated as quickly as possible. It’s possible for the wall of the bladder to become thickened permanently. This can lead to chronic cases of cystitis in dogs. This would mean that your pet would need long-term treatment.