Gastritis in dogs is a condition which occurs whenever the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed. It is a relatively common condition and can occur in either acute or chronic form.
Acute canine gastritis can be caused by various things, but it typically develops because of food poisoning, eating something indigestible, or simply eating too much at one time. Viral or bacterial infections of the lining can also lead to the condition. Dogs that eat out of the garbage or the carcass of dead and rotting animals can easily develop it.
Certain medications that your dog has been prescribed may also lead to gastritis. Those who suffer from Addison’s disease, liver disease, pancreatitis, or hypercalcemia will also have an increased risk. Finally, an obstruction of the bowels can also bring about its development.
Gastritis in dogs causes them to experience severe abdominal pain. They will likely produce vomit frequently that may contain traces of bile or blood. Other common signs of this condition include loss of appetite, loss of weight, diarrhea, weakness, lethargy, and hair coat dullness.
Since dogs can suffer from abdominal pain and vomiting because of many common dog diseases, diagnosis of canine gastritis may be a bit difficult. The vet will first need to rule out other possible causes of these symptoms. To do this, he will need to get a medical history of your dog as well as examine him thoroughly. Testing of the blood and stool samples will help rule out other causes.
The first thing that vets will do to treat gastritis in dogs is to withhold all food for at least 24 hours. This will give the gastrointestinal tract adequate time to rest. If an obstruction caused by a foreign object is to blame, your dog may need to undergo surgery. As mentioned, various prescription medications can result in canine gastritis, so they may need to be stopped.
Dogs who suffer from gastritis typically drink excessive amounts of water. Unfortunately, this will only work to make the condition even worse. To avoid excessive water intake, intravenous or subcutaneous fluids may be provided.
One of the best ways to keep your dog from getting this condition is to prevent him from eating in the garbage. Although dogs have been known to eat grass on occasion, you shouldn’t allow yours to eat it too frequently. Keep your dog from eating animal feces if you can too.