Glaucoma is a condition that occurs when there is increased pressure inside the eye. This results whenever fluid inside the eye can’t drain like it’s supposed to. Irreversible blindness will result if canine glaucoma isn’t treated.
Glaucoma in dogs can sometimes be inherited. There are certain breeds that have an increased risk. Some of them include Shih Tzus, Siberian Huskies, American Cocker Spaniels, Chow Chows, and Basset Hounds.
This condition can also be caused by various other health problems. Uveitis, or inflammation inside the eye, is one of the leading causes. Eye cancer or advanced cataracts can also be to blame. Sometimes, the lens will move from its normal position and the condition will result.
Canine glaucoma causes the eye to become red or swollen. You may also notice that your dog’s eye develops a bluish tint. It is also possible for the eye to stay dilated meaning that it won’t respond to light.
In order to diagnose glaucoma in dogs accurately, the vet will need to measure the intraocular pressure. He will also need to conduct tests to see what the underlying cause of the condition is.
It is vital that canine glaucoma is treated as soon as possible. Medications can be given that decrease the amount of fluid produced in the eye. There are also medications that will increase the drainage capability of the eye. Some medications work to do both. These medications can come in the form of eye drops, pills, or topical medications.
However, these medications are only a temporary solution. Surgery is required to treat glaucoma in dogs. Surgery can remove some of the cells that produce fluid in the eye so pressure won’t build up any longer. An artificial lens will also be placed in your dog’s eye. Sometimes, an artificial drainage device will also be inserted.
Sometimes surgery will simply remove certain ocular components. But, sometimes the entire eye will need to be removed and replaced with an artificial eye.
As stated previously, it is possible for canine glaucoma to lead to total blindness. This can occur in just one eye or both eyes. If your dog loses vision in only one eye, treatment can hopefully save his vision in the other.