Tag Archives: kidney disease

Canine Hypercalcemia

Canine hypercalcemia is a condition that develops when there is too much calcium in your dog’s bloodstream. If the level of calcium isn’t reduced in a timely manner, then serious health problems can result. At the very least, your dog will very likely become dehydration which in itself can be deadly.

Canine Hypercalcemia

Many dogs who suffer from this condition do so because they have cancer, with canine lymphoma being one of the most common. Addison’s disease, kidney failure, and being exposed to too much vitamin D in plants, poisons, or topical ointments are other common causes. Your dog may also develop the condition if he ingests certain toxic house plants.



Hypercalcemia in dogs can cause a variety of non-specific symptoms. They include increased drinking and urination, loss of appetite, weakness, vomiting, and dehydration. Many of these symptoms are caused by various other common dog diseases.

If you know anything about anatomy, then you will know that bones need calcium in order to retain their strength. Whenever the bones lose too much calcium which goes on to circulate in the bloodstream, then they will become very weak. Your dog can easily suffer fractures.

The kidneys are responsible for filtering substances from the bloodstream. With canine hypercalcemia, the kidneys will try to remove the excess calcium from the bloodstream, but may not be able to keep up which can cause them to become damaged. Deposits of calcium will then find homes in various areas of the body, and your dog will suffer inflammation and pain in these areas.

As you have already learned, the signs of hypercalcemia in dogs are non-specific. This means that your veterinarian will have to conduct multiple tests in order to make an accurate diagnosis. A blood sample will show how much calcium is concentrated in the blood. Anemia may be the cause of this though, so a complete blood count will need to be done. Urinalysis will show if there has been damage done to the kidneys.

Treatment for canine hypercalcemia will depend on the underlying cause. Since cancer is most often to blame, chemotherapy may be the best course of treatment. Medication can also be prescribed to help aid the kidneys in doing their job. If the level of calcium gets too high, your dog may need to be hospitalized to receive intravenous fluids.

Owners looking to prevent hypercalcemia in dogs should ensure that their pet has plenty of fresh water to drink at all times. Certain rat poisons can bring on the condition, so they shouldn’t be used around the household. Make sure that no plants in your home are toxic to canines too.

Canine Kidney Disease

Canine kidney disease in dogs is known by various names. You may have heard it referred to as canine renal failure or canine kidney failure. No matter what it is called, it is a very serious condition that can easily be fatal.

Canine Kidney Disease

The kidneys are responsible for filtering toxins and waste products from the body. If they aren’t doing their job properly, then these substances will start to build up in the bloodstream. The kidneys will be unable to function normally once 75% of it has been damaged.



As you can see, canine renal disease is very serious. Older dogs compromise the age group that is most commonly affected, but any dog of any age can develop the disease. However, one of the leading causes of death for older canines is this particular disease.

Kidney disease in dogs can take an acute or chronic form. The acute form comes out of nowhere, while its chronic counterpart will develop slowly over time. This is the form that most commonly affects older canines. Both form cause irreversible damage to these vital organs.

There are many potential causes of acute canine renal failure. Using rat poison irresponsibly around your home can spell doom for your furry friend. Antifreeze that leaks out of your car or spills when you’re filling up can also be trouble. Disease of the kidneys can also be caused by bacterial infections and heart disease.

Chronic kidney disease in canines can occur because of natural aging of the organs. Taking chemotherapy medications or antibiotics over a long period of time can lead to the condition also. Some dogs are born with abnormalities or other congenital defects that may be responsible for them developing the condition relatively early.

Canine kidney disease leads to a range of symptoms. Dogs will start drinking water more often and later urinating more frequently. At the same time, they commonly lose their appetite and even become dehydrated. Their teeth may also become discolored.

Kidney disease in dogs can be painful, so you may notice your dog walking with an arched back or stiff legs. Other possible symptoms include diarrhea, shivering, and muscle weakness.

In order to diagnose your dog with this disease, the veterinarian will have to perform a thorough physical exam. He will also get your dog’s complete medical history as well as a report on his behaviors and symptoms. A blood test and urinalysis will help achieve an accurate diagnosis.

The blood test that’s used to help diagnose renal failure in dogs will likely show a higher level of creatinine. There may also be an increased level of sugar or protein in the urine sample. Some urine samples will even contain bacteria or blood. In some cases, the vet may feel it necessary to take a biopsy of the kidney.

There are five different stages of canine kidney disease ranging from one to five. Dogs in stage one have the highest life expectancy. Conversely, those in stage five have the most serious condition and aren’t expected to live nearly as long.

Renal failure in dogs can be very difficult to treat. Most of the time, it won’t be possible to cure it due to the fact that the organ is too severely damaged once symptoms begin to show. Therefore, treatment focuses on improving your dog’s quality of life. Medications will likely be prescribed. Your dog may also require hospitalization to receive intravenous fluids.

If your dog suffers from renal failure, then you will likely need to change his diet. He will need to eat foods that don’t contain as many vitamins and minerals so that the kidneys don’t have to work as hard. You will also need to ensure that your dog has access to plenty of fresh water. In rare cases, your dog will get a kidney transplant.

Canine Diarrhea

Just like humans, dogs can develop diarrhea too. It helps them to purge their body of harmful substances and toxins. Canine diarrhea is usually a minor condition that goes away on its own within a day or two. However, it can also be a sign of a more serious underlying condition.

Canine Diarrhea

Diarrhea in dogs refers to stool that is abnormal in some way. It doesn’t just mean that your dog has to go to the bathroom much more than normal. The stool can be watery, too soft, or have a different color. You may also notice that your dog is straining while trying to pass stool.

There are basically two forms of dog diarrhea, namely acute and chronic. Most dogs suffer from the acute form. The acute form starts suddenly and will usually go away quickly. In some cases, it may take up to two weeks.



It’s important to note that dogs are omnivores, which means that they will eat many different types of things. They’re mainly carnivores that consume meat, but they also eat certain plants occasionally. They may even consume dead animals, decaying food, garbage, and other objects they shouldn’t like stones, sticks, and other debris.

Vomiting and diarrhea will help get rid of these unwanted substances and objects. Certain foods may also be to blame for diarrhea in dogs. The most common foods that can cause problems include fish, eggs, chicken, pork, and beef, corn, and wheat. Your dog may also experience problems after consuming gravy, spices, fat, and salt.

Simple cases of canine diarrhea don’t require veterinary attention. Owners should simply keep their dog from eating anything for 24 hours. During this time, your dog should have plenty of fresh water to drink. After 24 hours, you should limit the amount of food you feed your dog. Switching to a bland diet is also a good idea.

As mentioned, diarrhea in dogs can be a sign of something more serious. If your dog displays certain signs, you should get him to a vet as soon as possible. These signs include abdominal pain, lethargy, fever, vomiting, or blood in the stool. Your dog can also become dehydrated due to chronic diarrhea.

Chronic canine diarrhea occurs when your dog experiences symptoms on a continual basis. He may experience signs for a day or two, with nothing for a few days, then experience more bouts of diarrhea. This chronic condition often causes dogs to lose weight and become depressed.

There are various causes of chronic diarrhea in dogs. Parasites of the intestinal tract such as whipworms, roundworms, and coccidia can be responsible. Food allergies, irritable bowel syndrome, bacterial infections, kidney disease, and liver disease can all cause it.